Murair – University of Copenhagen

English / Arabic


The site of Qal’at Murair is closely connected to Al Zubarah. This fort – strategically placed on the ridge to the east of the settlement – protected Al Zubarah’s primary fresh water source. It was connected to the town by two screening walls running for c. 1.6 km across the intra-tidal marsh to the outer town wall. Qal’at Murair consisted of a large, square fortified compound, with four corner towers. Inside there was a mosque, domestic buildings and at least one large artisan well, from which fresh water was scooped to supply the town. Around the fort, several enclosures attest to the presence of fields, plantations or holding pens for animals, suggesting that this was also an agricultural settlement.